Globalization and Institutional Quality - A Panel Data Analysis
Posted: 6 Dec 2013 Last revised: 2 Aug 2014
Date Written: January 19, 2014
Using data on institutional quality and the KOF Globalization Index, we examine over 100 countries from1992 to2010 to analyze the relationship between economic and social globalization and six measures of institutional quality, thereby testing Montesquie’s doux commerce thesis, that economic and social interaction lead to improved institutional quality. Results suggest that increasing economic flows and social globalization associate with improving institutions in rich countries, while correlations are negative in poor countries. Our findings also indicate that the negative relationship in poor countries relates to the abundance of natural resources, and should not be interpreted as a causal effect. In summary, results are consistent with the doux commerce thesis but also suggest that the previous findings of positive effects of trade on institutional quality are driven by the relationship in rich countries. We should not expect globalization alone to mitigate the adverse effects of the resource curse in developing countries.
Keywords: Globalization, Institutional quality, Developing countries
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