The Intergenerational Transfer of the Gender Gap in Labor Force Participation

50 Pages Posted: 6 Dec 2013

See all articles by Venke Furre Haaland

Venke Furre Haaland

University of Stavanger

Mari Rege

University of Stavanger

Kjetil Telle

Statistics Norway - Research Department

Mark Votruba

Case Western Reserve University - Weatherhead School of Management

Date Written: November 29, 2013

Abstract

Despite well-documented convergence during the later years of the 20th century, labor force attachment remains markedly higher for men than for women. The current paper employs rich longitudinal registry data to investigate the intergenerational transfer of the gender gap in labor force participation. We explore the extent that family- and community-level characteristics, measured in childhood, differentially predict the likelihood of employment for adult Norwegian men and women. Drawing on theories pertaining to the importance of information, skills and gender norms transfer, our empirical analysis demonstrates that a parsimonious set of family- and community-level characteristics can explain a substantial part of the gender gap. These results suggest that female labor force participation is constrained by the intergenerational transfer of beliefs and expectations about family and work.

JEL Classification: J100, J200

Suggested Citation

Haaland, Venke Furre and Rege, Mari and Telle, Kjetil and Votruba, Mark, The Intergenerational Transfer of the Gender Gap in Labor Force Participation (November 29, 2013). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 4489, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2363903

Venke Furre Haaland

University of Stavanger ( email )

PB 8002
Stavanger, 4036
Norway

Mari Rege (Contact Author)

University of Stavanger ( email )

PB 8002
Stavanger, 4036
Norway

Kjetil Telle

Statistics Norway - Research Department ( email )

Kongens Gt. 6
PO Box 8131 Dep
N-0033 Oslo
Norway

Mark Votruba

Case Western Reserve University - Weatherhead School of Management ( email )

10900 Euclid Ave.
Cleveland, OH 44106-7235
United States

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