Reference-Dependent Reservation Utility and the Comparison Discount
16 Pages Posted: 7 Dec 2013 Last revised: 23 Aug 2022
Date Written: February 10, 2014
This paper investigates how a risk averse and loss averse agent having reference-dependent reservation utility, affects the cost to the principal when the agent also has reference-dependent preferences. The main finding is that, under these circumstances, if the agent compares his outside alternative to the principal's offer, the principal pays less – a comparison discount – relative to the cost when reservation utility is not reference-dependent.
Keywords: principal-agent, reservation utility, reference-dependent preferences, comparison effect, contrast principle
JEL Classification: D82, D84, M12, M52
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation