Decomposing Black-White Differences in Child Maltreatment

Child Maltreat 2003 8: 112

11 Pages Posted: 8 Dec 2013

See all articles by Samuel Myers

Samuel Myers

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs

Sheila Ards

University of Minnesota

Chanjin Chung

Cornell University - Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management

Allan Malkis

Ramsey County Community Human Svcs.

Brian Hagerty

University of Michigan Law School

Date Written: May 1, 2003

Abstract

This article examines conflicting visions of the racial composition of the maltreated populations. The National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) data shows Blacks are overrepresented among reported and substantiated abuse and neglect cases, while the National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect (NIS) shows no apparent over-representation of children of color. To understand the conflicting evidence, the authors produce from NIS approximate measures of maltreatment rates in NCANDS. Maltreatment rates is broken down into allegation, report and substantiation components. Without disaggregating the data by welfare status, all or most of the racial gap in official maltreatment is found to arise from racial differences in allegations. Disaggregation changes the results. Among welfare cases, on average, half of the Black-White gap in maltreatment is due to racial differences in substantiation. Among nonwelfare cases, about half of the racial gap in official maltreatment is due to racial differences in allegations.

Keywords: racial disproportionality, aggregation bias, reporting bias, National Incidence Studies, welfare maltreatment, racial, black-white gap

Suggested Citation

Myers, Samuel and Ards, Sheila and Chung, Chanjin and Malkis, Allan and Hagerty, Brian, Decomposing Black-White Differences in Child Maltreatment (May 1, 2003). Child Maltreat 2003 8: 112. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2364516

Samuel Myers (Contact Author)

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs ( email )

301 19th Ave S
Minneapolis, MN 55455
United States

Sheila Ards

University of Minnesota ( email )

308 Harvard Street SE
United States

Chanjin Chung

Cornell University - Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management ( email )

Ithaca, NY
United States

Allan Malkis

Ramsey County Community Human Svcs. ( email )

160 E. Kellogg Blvd.
9300
Saint Paul, MN 55101
United States
651-266-4318 (Phone)

Brian Hagerty

University of Michigan Law School ( email )

625 South State Street
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1215
United States

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
15
Abstract Views
221
PlumX Metrics