Replication-Extension of 'Not for All the Tea in China!' Political Ideology and the Avoidance of Dissonance-Arousing Situations' (Nam, Jost, & Van Bavel, 2013, Plos One)

31 Pages Posted: 11 Dec 2013

See all articles by Mark Brandt

Mark Brandt

Tilburg University

Jarret Crawford

The College of New Jersey

Date Written: December 6, 2013

Abstract

In this study we attempted to replicate and extend Nam, Jost, and van Bavel's (2013) finding that political conservatives are more likely to avoid dissonance-arousing situations relative to political liberals. Across two studies, Nam et al. (2013) found that conservatives were less willing to write essays in support of Democratic presidents (Obama, Study 1; Clinton, Study 2) than were liberals to write essays in support of Republican presidents (Bush, Study 1; Reagan, Study 2). We received access to Nam et al.’s materials to construct our study, and increased sample size relative to theirs. Further, we included measures of need for closure (NFC), participants' confidence in science, and the perceived ideology of the experimenters in order to test motivated social cognition and confidence in the experiment as possible mechanisms for the effect. Contrary to Nam et al.’s findings, conservatives and liberals were equally likely to avoid dissonance arousing situations. We found some limited evidence that the dependent variable may index compliance as opposed to desire to engage in dissonance arousing behavior.

Keywords: ideology, politics, psychology, dissonance, replication

Suggested Citation

Brandt, Mark and Crawford, Jarret, Replication-Extension of 'Not for All the Tea in China!' Political Ideology and the Avoidance of Dissonance-Arousing Situations' (Nam, Jost, & Van Bavel, 2013, Plos One) (December 6, 2013). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2365281 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2365281

Mark Brandt (Contact Author)

Tilburg University ( email )

P.O. Box 90153
Tilburg, DC 5000 LE
Netherlands

Jarret Crawford

The College of New Jersey ( email )

P.O. Box 7718
Ewing, NJ 08628-0718
United States

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