Currency Emergence in Absence of State Influence: The Case of Diablo II
Cosmos + Taxis, Vol. 2, No. 2, 2015
23 Pages Posted: 15 Dec 2013 Last revised: 31 Mar 2015
Date Written: February 28, 2015
This paper presents a case study of the emergence of currency from a barter economy, a process discussed theoretically by Menger (1892). In particular, we use this case study to attempt to adjudicate between chartalist and emergent theories of currency formation. Using the records of an online message board dedicated to facilitating trades within the game, we document the emergence of currency and its stability over time, and note that the environment lacks the sort of agent required to cause a currency to emerge in the chartalist theory.
Keywords: Chartalist, medium of exchange, Menger, money emergence, online societies, state theory of money
JEL Classification: E40, E42, E49, P16
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation