Age and Opportunities for Promotion

34 Pages Posted: 15 Dec 2013

See all articles by C. Sofia Machado

C. Sofia Machado

University of Minho - Economic Policies Research Unit (NIPE)

Miguel Portela

University of Minho; IZA Institute of Labor Economics


Using a panel of new firms and their employees, this paper studies the promotion opportunities for older workers within the same firm. Survival analysis suggests that younger employees experience shorter times to promotion than older workers and, therefore, the latter face a smaller likelihood of promotion. Although men are promoted more often than women, empirical results show that women have shorter survival times to promotion than men. Also, previous promotions are stronger determinants of subsequent ones and this finding provides support to the evidence on promotion "fast-tracks".

Keywords: aging, older workers, employment relationships, promotion

JEL Classification: J14, J21, D21, J62

Suggested Citation

Machado, C. Sofia and Portela, Miguel, Age and Opportunities for Promotion. IZA Discussion Paper No. 7784, Available at SSRN: or

C. Sofia Machado (Contact Author)

University of Minho - Economic Policies Research Unit (NIPE) ( email )

Campus de Gualtar
Braga, 4710-057

Miguel Portela

University of Minho ( email )

Braga, 4700

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072

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