The Business Sustainability Typology

7 Pages Posted: 17 Dec 2013 Last revised: 31 Mar 2014

Date Written: March 31, 2014


The Business Sustainability Typology (Dyllick & Muff 2013) offers a practical approach to evaluate different levels of integration of sustainability in business. As such, it provides an answer to the difficult question of what business sustainability actually means and how to differentiate between beginning, intermediate and advanced levels in business practice.

This article serves as a summary and extract of the fullā€length article which is currently submitted for publication. The intention is for this summary to provide a starting base for organizational leaders and academic scholars alike to consider challenges and opportunities for business to successfully advance in their transformative sustainability journey.

Keywords: business sustainability, corporate sustainability, environmental, social and economic sustainability, triple bottom line, planetary challenges, corporate social responsibility, responsible leadership, purpose of the firm

Suggested Citation

Dyllick, Thomas L and Muff, Katrin, The Business Sustainability Typology (March 31, 2014). Available at SSRN: or

Thomas L Dyllick (Contact Author)

University of St. Gallen ( email )

Tigerbergstr. 2
Saint Gallen, St. Gallen CH-9000

No contact information is available for Katrin Muff

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