Labor Regulations and European Venture Capital
Journal of Economics and Management Strategy Volume 23, Issue 4, 1 December 2014: 776-810
54 Pages Posted: 19 Dec 2013 Last revised: 5 Mar 2015
Date Written: December 11, 2013
European nations substitute between employment protection regulations and labor market expenditures (e.g., unemployment insurance benefits) for providing worker insurance. Employment regulations more directly tax firms making frequent labor adjustments than other labor market insurance mechanisms. Venture capital investors are especially sensitive to these labor adjustment costs. Nations favoring labor market expenditures as the mechanism for providing worker insurance developed stronger venture capital markets over 1990-2008, especially in high volatility sectors. In this context, policy mechanisms are more important than the overall level of worker insurance.
Keywords: employment protection regulations, dismissal costs, unemployment insurance benefits, private equity, venture capital, entrepreneurship
JEL Classification: G24, J21, J65, L26, M13, O31, O32, O52
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation