Counter Society as a Heuristic to Analyze Violence: The 2006 Hezbollah-Israel War
Terrorism and Global Insecurity: A Multidisciplinary Perspective, Klint Alexander, eds., Linton Atlantic Books, Ltd., 2009
16 Pages Posted: 27 Dec 2013
Date Written: 2009
The counter society concept is used to analyze the 2006 Hezbollah Israel war. The combatants miscalculated the cost of the conflict because they perceived a weak enemy. Hezbollah does not recognize Israel and Israel sees Hezbollah as a terrorist group.The survival of one means the extermination of the other. Globalization, ethnic strife and occupation weakened Lebanon and diffused its power to Hezbollah and other non-state authorities. Hezbollah replicates state functions in southern Lebanon. Lebanon was unable to restrain Hezbollah during the conflict. The regional and extra-regional powers' partisan approach failed to end hostilities. U.N. negotiations ended hostilities but not the disagreements. The combatants rebuilt their military capabilities so, we can expect future hostilities. Hezbollah is a counter society that does not meet the strict criteria of a terrorist organization but it is a latent threat to Lebanon and an active threat to Israel. Violence can be reduced by strengthening Lebanon to provide services offered by Hezbollah thereby decreasing its power. Western clerics should build interfaith dialogue with Middle Eastern clerics and work on mutual development projects to reduce tension. A counter society orientation scale is needed as an early warning system to measure the extent to which people support their social groups over their country.
Keywords: Hezbollah, Israel, 2006 War, Lebanon, Counter Societies, Middle East
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