Pengaruh Saluran Drainase Terhadap Pencemaran Lingkungan Permukiman Di Sekitar Kawasan Industri Genuk Kota Semarang (The Influences of Drainage to Residential Pollution Surrounding of Industrial Area Genuk-Semarang City)

Jurnal Teknik PWK, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2012

10 Pages Posted: 30 Dec 2013 Last revised: 30 Jun 2014

See all articles by Frisca Fertrisinanda

Frisca Fertrisinanda

Diponegoro University

Hadi Wahyono

Diponegoro University - Department of Urban and Regional Planning

Date Written: January 28, 2012

Abstract

Indonesian Abstract: Kawasan permukiman di sekitar Kawasan Industri Genuk, Kota Semarang sering mengalami banjir. Disamping itu, kawasan tersebut juga mengalami pencemaran lingkungan.Kondisi ini disebabkan oleh buruknya kondisi saluran drainase. Limbah industri yang dihasilkan dari Kawasan Industri Genuk masuk ke dalam saluran drainase dan mengalirkannya ke luar kawasan, sehingga mencemari sungai dan drainase permukiman di sekitarnya. Permasalahan pencemaran lingkungan yang disebabkan oleh saluran drainase ini menimbulkan pertanyaan apa dan bagaimana pengaruh saluran drainase yang kurang baik terhadap pencemaran lingkungan permukiman di sekitar Kawasan Industri Genuk, Kota Semarang. Berdasarkan pertanyaan penelitian tersebut, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji pengaruh saluran drainase di Kawasan Industri Genuk terhadap pencemaran lingkungan permukiman di sekitarnya. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah metoda deskriptif kualitatif, dengan menggunakan wawancara dan observasi lapangan sebagai metoda pengumpulan datanya. Dari hasil analisis, dapat diketahui bahwa kondisi saluran drainase yang sangat buruk, seperti bangunan saluran yang masih alami dan pola jaringan yang bersifat alamiah karena belum tertata dengan baik menyebabkan arah aliran dari saluran drainase industri dan permukiman bertemu di satu titik dan langsung menuju ke arah aliran drainase yang sama yaitu ke arah sungai-sungai di sekitar Kawasan Industri Genuk. Akibatnya, air pada saluran drainase yang telah tercemar mencemari air dan tanah di kawasan permukiman di sekitar kawasan tersebut, termasuk sumber mata air. Kondisi ini terjadi juga karena adanya infiltrasi air dimana masuknya atau meresapnya air dari atas permukaan tanah yang sudah tercemar limbah industri ke dalam bumi. Berdasarkan hal tersebut, kesimpulan penelitian yang dapat dirumuskan adalah bahwa kondisi saluran drainase yang buruk dan infiltrasi air ke dalam tanah menyebabkan terjadinya pencemaran air dan tanah permukiman yang terdapat di sekitar Kawasan Industri Genuk.

English Abstract: Residential areas around Genuk Industrial Area, Kota Semarang frequent flooding. In addition, the region is also experiencing environmental pollution. This condition is caused by poor drainage conditions. Industrial waste generated from Industrial Area Genuk flow into the drainage channel and running it out of the region, and contaminates rivers and drainage in the surrounding settlements. The problems of environmental pollution caused by drainage raises the question of whether and how the effect of poor drainage pollution in the surrounding neighborhoods Genuk Industrial Area, Semarang. Based on these research questions, this study aimed to assess the effect of drainage channels in the Industrial Area Genuk against pollution in the surrounding neighborhoods. The analysis method used is descriptive qualitative method, using interviews and field observations as the method of data collection. From the analysis, it can be seen that the conditions were very poor drainage, such as the building's natural channel and network pattern that is natural because it has not laid out well cause the direction of flow of drainage industry and settlements meet at one point and went straight to the direction of flow the same drainage toward the rivers around Industrial Area Genuk. As a result, water that has been contaminated drainage polluting the water and soil in residential areas around the region, including water resources. This condition also occurs due to the infiltration of water where the entry or seep water from the surface of the soil that has been contaminated industrial waste into the earth. Based on this, the research conclusions can be drawn is that the poor condition of drainage and water infiltration into the soil and contaminate ground water located around settlements Genuk Industrial Area.

Note: Downloadable document is in Indonesian.

Keywords: Drainage, industrial pollution drainage

JEL Classification: O14

Suggested Citation

Fertrisinanda, Frisca and Wahyono, Hadi, Pengaruh Saluran Drainase Terhadap Pencemaran Lingkungan Permukiman Di Sekitar Kawasan Industri Genuk Kota Semarang (The Influences of Drainage to Residential Pollution Surrounding of Industrial Area Genuk-Semarang City) (January 28, 2012). Jurnal Teknik PWK, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2012, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2372581

Frisca Fertrisinanda (Contact Author)

Diponegoro University ( email )

Semarang
Central Java
Indonesia

Hadi Wahyono

Diponegoro University - Department of Urban and Regional Planning ( email )

Jl. Prof. Sudharto, SH
Kampus UNDIP Tembalang
Semarang, Jawa Tengah 50275
Indonesia
+62247460054 (Phone)
+62247460054 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://pwk.undip.ac.id/

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