Revisiting Agricultural Input and Farm Support Subsidies in Africa: The Case of Ghana's Mechanization, Fertilizer, Block Farms, and Marketing Programs

136 Pages Posted: 28 Mar 2014

See all articles by Samuel Benin

Samuel Benin

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Michael Johnson

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Emmanuel Abokyi

Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration (GIMPA)

Gerald Ahorbo

Department of Agricultural Engineering of the Ho Polytechnic

Kipo Jimah

A member of the CGIAR Consortium - International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Gamel Nasser

Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration (GIMPA)

Victor Owusu

Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana

Joe Taabazuing

Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration (GIMPA)

Albert Tenga

Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration (GIMPA)

Date Written: November 2013

Abstract

Use of agricultural input and farm support subsidies in Africa has returned strongly to the development agenda, particularly following the recent high food and input prices crisis. Many of the donors who opposed them in the past and subsequently put pressure to discontinue them due to their high cost and distortionary effect on the domestic economy are now providing aid in the form of farm support and agricultural subsidies. In Ghana, for example, the country of study in this paper, the government has since 2007 introduced four major subsidy and support programs on fertilizer, mechanization, block farms, and marketing. Therefore, a key question that arises is how the structure and policies of these current programs account for any of the general lessons and controversies experienced in the past and, in the process, achieve their intended goals in a more effective and economically viable manner.

Keywords: Ghana, West Africa, Africa South of Sahara, Africa, farm inputs, buffer stocks, subsidies, fertilizer, mechanization, marketing, farm subsidies, block farms

Suggested Citation

Benin, Samuel and Johnson, Michael and Abokyi, Emmanuel and Ahorbo, Gerald and Jimah, Kipo and Nasser, Gamel and Owusu, Victor and Taabazuing, Joe and Tenga, Albert, Revisiting Agricultural Input and Farm Support Subsidies in Africa: The Case of Ghana's Mechanization, Fertilizer, Block Farms, and Marketing Programs (November 2013). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2373185 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2373185

Samuel Benin (Contact Author)

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Michael Johnson

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

Development Strategy and Governance Division
2033 K Street, NW
Washington, DC 20006
United States
+1 202-862-5600 (Phone)
+1 202-467-4439 (Fax)

Emmanuel Abokyi

Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration (GIMPA) ( email )

No. 2 Andoh (D) Block
Box AH - 50
Achimota - Accra, West Africa
Ghana

Gerald Ahorbo

Department of Agricultural Engineering of the Ho Polytechnic ( email )

Post Office Box HP 217
Ho - Volta Region
Ghana

Kipo Jimah

A member of the CGIAR Consortium - International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Gamel Nasser

Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration (GIMPA) ( email )

No. 2 Andoh (D) Block
Box AH - 50
Achimota - Accra, West Africa
Ghana

Victor Owusu

Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana ( email )

Faculty of Law
Faculty of Law
Kumasi, AK Ashanti Region +233
Ghana

Joe Taabazuing

Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration (GIMPA) ( email )

No. 2 Andoh (D) Block
Box AH - 50
Achimota - Accra, West Africa
Ghana

Albert Tenga

Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration (GIMPA) ( email )

No. 2 Andoh (D) Block
Box AH - 50
Achimota - Accra, West Africa
Ghana

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