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Wilde’s Obscenity Effect: Influence and Immorality in The Picture of Dorian Gray

Review of English Studies, vol. 68 (2017), 756-72

28 Pages Posted: 4 Jan 2014 Last revised: 1 Nov 2017

Simon Stern

University of Toronto - Faculty of Law

Date Written: March 1, 2017

Abstract

Wilde’s three trials in 1895 served, in effect, as an obscenity prosecution of The Picture of Dorian Gray (1890/91). Though the novel was not formally charged with obscenity, Dorian Gray’s first reviewers suggested that it was obscene, and the book remained unavailable in England for nearly two decades after Wilde’s trials. The novel's relation to Wilde's trials thus raises a number of questions about the use of fiction as legal evidence and about the ways in which a criminal prosecution might be taken to reveal the meaning of the defendant's writings. This essay discusses the late Victorian campaign against obscene literature and the victims of that campaign; the reviews of the original version of Dorian Gray (in Lippincott's Magazine, 1890); the oblique manner in which the innuendo about its obscenity functioned during Wilde's three trials (1895); Wilde's own ironic engagement, at several key points in the novel, with the conception of influence at work in the legal test governing the evaluation of obscenity (R. v. Hicklin, 1868); the relation of the painting itself, and of the notorious French novel that Dorian borrows from Lord Henry, to that conception of influence; and Wilde's reenactment of his ironic perspective at the narrative level.

Keywords: Oscar Wilde, The Picture of Dorian Gray, obscenity law, Hicklin, evidence, narrative irony

Suggested Citation

Stern, Simon, Wilde’s Obscenity Effect: Influence and Immorality in The Picture of Dorian Gray (March 1, 2017). Review of English Studies, vol. 68 (2017), 756-72. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2373784 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2373784

Simon Stern (Contact Author)

University of Toronto - Faculty of Law ( email )

78 Queen's Park
Toronto, Ontario M5S 2C5
Canada

HOME PAGE: http://www.law.utoronto.ca/faculty-staff/full-time-faculty/simon-stern

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