On the Pricing of Mandatory DCF Disclosures: Evidence from Oil and Gas Royalty Trusts
59 Pages Posted: 7 Jan 2014 Last revised: 28 Nov 2015
Date Written: February 25, 2015
We identify a setting in which firms are required to disclose discounted cash flow (DCF) estimates relating to the value of their primary assets. ASC 932 (formerly SFAS No. 69) has mandated DCF disclosures for proved oil and gas reserves since 1982, and these reserves constitute the primary assets of oil and gas royalty trusts. For a hand-collected sample of oil and gas royalty trusts, we find that (i) the mandatory DCF disclosures are incrementally value relevant over historical cost accounting variables; (ii) investors misprice royalty trust units because they underweight the disclosed DCF estimates when forecasting future distributions; and (iii) media articles bringing attention to discrepancies between price and the disclosed DCF estimates are significant stock price catalysts. While our evidence indicates that mandatory DCF disclosures can be incrementally useful for security valuation, it also indicates that investors may overlook such information, potentially due to lack of attention and accounting expertise.
Keywords: Royalty Trusts; ASC 932; Cash Flow Forecasts; DCF Valuation; Media Coverage; Information Dissemination
JEL Classification: M41; G00
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation