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[Including But Not Limited To] Violence Against Women

17 Pages Posted: 9 Jan 2014 Last revised: 4 Mar 2014

Giovanna Shay

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: 2013


This Article highlights three developments in criminal justice in 2012 that marked the move toward more gender-inclusive anti-violence movements: the FBI’s adoption of a gender-neutral definition of rape; the debate regarding the reauthorization of the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA); and the promulgation of new Department of Justice (DOJ) regulations under the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA). These recent developments reveal a growing movement towards more gender-inclusive conceptions of rape and intimate partner violence. The change to a more gender-inclusive approach will have many implications for criminal justice policy and institutions. One critical project is to ensure that courts and prosecutors adopt competent and fair practices in cases involving same-sex intimate partner and sexual violence.

Keywords: VAWA, Violence Against Women Act, PREA, Prison Rape Elimination Act, Department of Justice regulations, FBI, definition of rape, male sexual victimization, intimate partner violence, domestic violence, rape, gender neutral, gender inclusive

Suggested Citation

Shay, Giovanna, [Including But Not Limited To] Violence Against Women (2013). Southwestern University Law Review, Vol. 42, p. 801, 2013; Western New England University School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-1. Available at SSRN:

Giovanna E. Shay (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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