Les Indicateurs De Droits Humains - Outil De Mesure Nécessaire Ou Technicisation Des Droits? (Human Rights Indicators - A Tool for Measurement or a Step in the Process of De-Politicizing Human Rights?)

16 Pages Posted: 28 Jan 2014

See all articles by Lucie Lamarche

Lucie Lamarche

Université du Québec à Montréal; University of Ottawa - Common Law Section

Date Written: January 9, 2014

Abstract

French Abstract: On réclame le développement d’indicateurs de droits humains depuis plusieurs années. Ces indicateurs semblent être un outil incontournable pour évaluer l’impact des politiques publiques sur les droits et s’assurer que la réalisation de ceux-ci progresse. Le Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies aux droits de l’homme (HCDH) a rendu public en mai 2013 un document intitulé Indicateurs des droits de l’homme –Guide pour mesurer et mettre en œuvre. Ce Guide est l’aboutissement de plus d’une décennie de travail et repose sur la prémisse que le développement national des politiques publiques doit prendre en compte les exigences des droits humains. A cette fin, les services statistiques des États, tout comme les stratégies publiques de sondages qui reposent sur des méthodologies fiables, sont considérées au service des droits. Le recours aux indicateurs comporte cependant des limites et des risques. Notamment, celui de technocratiser l’évaluation de la mise en œuvre des droits humains et de limiter les enjeux de droits à la sphère de l’analyse quantitative et statistique. Le présent texte esquisse les enjeux en cause, tout en portant un regard particulier sur la situation québécoise.

English Abstract: The United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) has published in May 2013 a guide entitled Human Rights Indicators: A Guide to Measurement and Implementation. According to OHCHR, the Guide aims to assist in developing quantitative and qualitative indicators to measure progress in the implementation of international human rights norms and principles. It is the result of a decade of multidisciplinary work based on the idea that domestic policies have to factor in human rights requirements. Such proposal recently became a normative requirement with example such as article 31 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

In Quebec, a joint effort by community groups, led by the Ligue des droits et libertés (Civil Rights and Liberties Association of Québec) produced a critical analysis of the OHCHR Guide. Although the OHCHR Guide is welcomed in a domestic context such as the one of Quebec and Canada, one has to question the priority now given to a Result-based management (RBA) approach in the context of protecting, promoting and fulfilling all human rights. How can the notion of human rights violations (in demand for remedies that are the result of access to justice guarantees) coexist with the technocratic measurement of the realisation of human rights, often framed by experts and statistical analysis, when available? Isn’t the right of civil society to participate in the implementation of all human rights put at risk and devalued in the name of the seriousness, credibility and objective reliability of expert knowledge?

This paper is an attempt at answering such complex questions. It also takes inspiration from the specific situation in a developed society such as Quebec, where the fight against poverty revealed the power and the significance of what is on surface a de-politicized and objective knowledge that nevertheless, push on the side the lay knowledge of the poor themselves.

Note: Downloadable document is in French.

Keywords: human rights; internatioanl standards; national assessment; benchmarking; measurement; indicators; statistical analysis; qualitative assessment; role of national experts; participation; violations of rights; civil society

Suggested Citation

Lamarche, Lucie, Les Indicateurs De Droits Humains - Outil De Mesure Nécessaire Ou Technicisation Des Droits? (Human Rights Indicators - A Tool for Measurement or a Step in the Process of De-Politicizing Human Rights?) (January 9, 2014). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2377013 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2377013

Lucie Lamarche (Contact Author)

Université du Québec à Montréal ( email )

CP 8888 Succ Centre Ville
Montréal, Québec H3C3P8
Canada

HOME PAGE: http://lucielamarche.com

University of Ottawa - Common Law Section ( email )

57 Louis Pasteur Street
Ottawa, K1N 6N5
Canada

HOME PAGE: http://lucielamarche.com

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