International Human Trafficking: Measuring Clandestinity by the Structural Equation Approach

49 Pages Posted: 11 Jan 2014

See all articles by Alexandra Rudolph

Alexandra Rudolph

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) - Macro Analysis and Forecasting

Friedrich Schneider

Johannes Kepler University Linz - Department of Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Abstract

Worldwide human trafficking (HT) is the third most often registered international criminal activity, ranked only after drug and weapon trafficking. The aim of the paper is to measure the extent of HT inflows to destination countries. It proposes the application of the Multiple Indicators Multiple Causes (MIMIC) structural equation model in order to include potential causes and indicators in one model and generate an index of the intensity of HT in destination countries. Thus, we account for the unobservable nature of the crime as well as for visible aspects that both shape the extent of it.By including both dimensions of the trafficking process the model is applied over a period of ten years. The resulting measure orders 142 countries between 2000 and 2010 according to their potential of being a destination country based on characteristics of the trafficking process. The results are that OECD countries are the most likely destination countries while developing countries are less likely.

Keywords: human trafficking, MIMIC models, latent variable, structural equation models

JEL Classification: C39, F22, K42, K49

Suggested Citation

Rudolph, Alexandra and Schneider, Friedrich G., International Human Trafficking: Measuring Clandestinity by the Structural Equation Approach. IZA Discussion Paper No. 7867, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2377603

Alexandra Rudolph (Contact Author)

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) - Macro Analysis and Forecasting ( email )

Mohrenstra├če 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany

Friedrich G. Schneider

Johannes Kepler University Linz - Department of Economics ( email )

Altenbergerstrasse 69
A-4040 Linz, 4040
Austria
+43 732 2468 8210 (Phone)
+43 732 2468 8208 (Fax)

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)

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Munich, DE-81679
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.CESifo.de

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

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Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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