Parenthood and Productivity of Highly Skilled Labor: Evidence from the Groves of Academe

FRB of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2014-001A

63 Pages Posted: 14 Jan 2014

See all articles by Matthias Krapf

Matthias Krapf

University of Zurich

Heinrich W. Ursprung

University of Konstanz; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Christian Zimmermann

Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: January 11, 2014

Abstract

We examine the effect of pregnancy and parenthood on the research productivity of academic economists. Combining the survey responses of nearly 10,000 economists with their publication records as documented in their RePEc accounts, we do not find that motherhood is associated with low research productivity. Nor do we find a statistically significant unconditional effect of a first child on research productivity. Conditional difference-in-differences estimates, however, suggest that the effect of parenthood on research productivity is negative for unmarried women and positive for untenured men. Moreover, becoming a mother before 30 years of age appears to have a detrimental effect on research productivity.

Keywords: Fertility, research productivity, gender gap, research productivity, life cycle.

JEL Classification: J13, I23, J24

Suggested Citation

Krapf, Matthias and Ursprung, Heinrich and Zimmermann, Christian, Parenthood and Productivity of Highly Skilled Labor: Evidence from the Groves of Academe (January 11, 2014). FRB of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2014-001A. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2378565 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2378565

Matthias Krapf

University of Zurich ( email )

Rämistrasse 71
Zürich, CH-8006
Switzerland

Heinrich Ursprung

University of Konstanz ( email )

Konstanz, D-78457
Germany
+49 7531 88 3713 (Phone)

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) ( email )

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Christian Zimmermann (Contact Author)

Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis ( email )

411 Locust St
Saint Louis, MO 63011
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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