Technologies and Policies to Connect the Next Five Billion
48 Pages Posted: 14 Jan 2014 Last revised: 15 Jan 2015
Date Written: January 13, 2014
In this paper, we present a broadband deployment framework describing how “the next 5 billion” may be connected to the Internet in the future. This framework identifies the most promising Internet technologies and the areas where they should be deployed. To summarize, we see wireless platforms being used in rural markets and other areas that will benefit greatly from a high degree of shared infrastructure, particularly with an electrical powering solution. Over time, fiber-based networks will gradually fill across the network, migrating from the core to the edge.
In our research, we also describe and promote a certain set of policies (many of which may not require laws) that will facilitate the prompt and efficient deployment of broadband infrastructure. These policies include (1) promoting shared infrastructure, (2) liberalizing spectrum policy, (3) facilitating access and interconnection through Internet exchange points (IXPs), (4) creating an ecosystem that stimulates demand for broadband (and associated innovation, entrepreneurship, and technical experimentation), and (5) sharing information and discussing best practices among parties with common interests within geographical regions.
Keywords: spectrum policy, IXPs, broadband policy, broadband plan, loon, wireless platforms, satellites
JEL Classification: K23, L96, R38, R52
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation