Culture-Dependent Strategies in Coordination Games

Matthew O. Jackson

Stanford University - Department of Economics; Santa Fe Institute; Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR)

Yiqing Xing

Johns Hopkins University - Carey Business School (JHU)

April 2014

We examine different populations' play in coordination games in online experiments with over a thousand subjects. Subjects played a two-player coordination game that had multiple equilibria: two equilibria with highly asymmetric payoffs and another equilibrium with symmetric payoffs but a slightly lower total payoff. Subjects were predominantly from India and the United States.

Subjects residing in India played the strategies leading to asymmetric payoffs significantly more frequently than subjects residing in the U.S. who showed a greater play of the strategy leading to the symmetric payoffs. In addition, when prompted to play asymmetrically, the population from India responded even more significantly than those from the U.S. Overall, subjects' predictions of how others would play were more accurate when the other player was from their own populations, and they coordinated significantly more frequently and earned significantly higher payoffs when matched with other subjects from their own population than when matched across populations.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 35

Keywords: Homophily, Coordination, Culture, Convention, Social networks

JEL Classification: D85, C72, A14

Open PDF in Browser Download This Paper

Date posted: January 18, 2014 ; Last revised: April 13, 2014

Suggested Citation

Jackson, Matthew O. and Xing, Yiqing, Culture-Dependent Strategies in Coordination Games (April 2014). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2380449 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2380449

Contact Information

Matthew O. Jackson (Contact Author)
Stanford University - Department of Economics ( email )
Landau Economics Building
579 Serra Mall
Stanford, CA 94305-6072
United States
1-650-723-3544 (Phone)
HOME PAGE: http://www.stanford.edu/~jacksonm
Santa Fe Institute
1399 Hyde Park Road
Santa Fe, NM 87501
United States
Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR) ( email )
180 Dundas Street West, Suite 1400
Toronto, Ontario
Yiqing Xing
Johns Hopkins University - Carey Business School (JHU) ( email )
100 International Drive
Baltimore, MD 21202
United States
HOME PAGE: http://yiqingxing.com

Feedback to SSRN

Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 839
Downloads: 144
Download Rank: 160,916