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Should Citizenship Be for Sale?

46 Pages Posted: 18 Jan 2014  

Ayelet Shachar

University of Toronto - Faculty of Law; Max Planck Institute for the Study of Religious and Ethnic Diversity

Rainer Baubock

European University Institute

Date Written: January 2014

Abstract

On 12 November 2013 the Maltese Parliament decided to offer Maltese and European citizenship at the price of € 650,000, but implementation of the law has been postponed due to strong domestic and international critiques. On 23 December, the Maltese government announced significant amendments, including a higher total amount of € 1,150,000, part of which has to be invested in real estate and government bonds. Several other European states have adopted ‘golden passport’ programmes. Should citizenship be for sale? In November 2013 EUDO CITIZENSHIP invited Ayelet Shachar of the University of Toronto Law School to open a debate on these controversial policies. Twelve authors have contributed short commentaries, most of which refer to the initial law adopted by the Maltese Parliament. An executive summary by Rainer Bauböck provides an overview over the main questions raised in our forum. For further information on investor citizenship programmes see Jelena Dzankic’s EUDO CITIZENSHIP working paper on the topic and consult the news section of our observatory.

Keywords: Citizenship acquisition, investor citizenship programmes, European citizenship, commodification, Malta

Suggested Citation

Shachar, Ayelet and Baubock, Rainer, Should Citizenship Be for Sale? (January 2014). Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies Research Paper No. 2014/01. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2380665 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2380665

Ayelet Shachar (Contact Author)

University of Toronto - Faculty of Law ( email )

78 and 84 Queen's Park
Toronto, Ontario M5S 2C5
Canada
416-978-1620 (Phone)
416-978-7899 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.law.utoronto.ca/faculty/shachar

Max Planck Institute for the Study of Religious and Ethnic Diversity

Hermann-Foege-Weg 11
Goettingen, 37073
Germany

Rainer Baubock

European University Institute ( email )

Villa Schifanoia
133 via Bocaccio
Firenze (Florence), Tuscany 50014
Italy

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