The Trouble with Inclusion
Yale University - Law School
January 18, 2014
Virginia Journal of Social Policy and the Law, Vol. 21, No. 2, 2014
Attempts are being made to include members of excluded groups in societal institutions. Inclusion has been proposed as the solution to the injustice caused by exclusion. Yet, inclusion does not always achieve justice and might sometimes perpetuate injustice. This Article provides a framework for understanding inclusion that may fail to achieve social justice and uses this framework to assess the inclusion of lesbians and gays within marriage (marriage equality) and of women and minorities within organizations (organizational diversity). The former case study examines the legal and social movement for recognizing same-sex marriage while the latter engages a range of contemporary debates, including workplace diversity, gays in the military, women in armed combat and gender mainstreaming at the UN. Each shows that inclusion is less likely to achieve social justice where it misconstrues injustice, maintains the status quo, decouples from justice, legitimizes the institution or rationalizes injustice.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 59
Keywords: Inclusion, Exclusion, Social Justice, Equality, Diversity, Marriage
Date posted: January 29, 2014 ; Last revised: March 10, 2014