Saving the Euro, Securing Childcare: The Fiscal Compact and Its Gendered Impact in Germany

27 Pages Posted: 23 Jan 2014

See all articles by Gabriele Abels

Gabriele Abels

University of Tuebingen - Department of Political Science

Julia Lepperhoff

Protestant University of Applied Sciences

Date Written: June 25, 2013

Abstract

The European Union has issued recommendations and benchmarks on the provision of childcare facilities in the member states. In this field Germany is still one of the laggards. In response, federal laws have been adopted in the last few years implementing EU soft law. According to German federal law, children ages one to three years have a legal right to a place in day care. This entitlement becomes effective in August 2013. It has to be implemented by the German Länder and their local authorities, which are operating under tight budgetary constraints; hence, compliance with the law is fiscally not secure. Recently, the negotiations over the Fiscal Compact provided the German Länder with a unique opportunity structure. In accordance with constitutional and legal requirements, the adoption of the Fiscal Compact and ESM needs a two-thirds majority in both legislative chambers. Via their seats in the Bundesrat, the governments of the German Länder employed their bargaining power to receive financial subsidies from the federal government earmarked for childcare services. As a result this will boost the financial capacities of municipalities to meet federal and EU requirements for the provision especially of crèches. This is a remarkable multi-level package deal in favour of better childcare, thus, improving the situation, especially for working mothers in Germany.

Keywords: European Union, Germany, Fiscal Compact, social policy, gender

Suggested Citation

Abels, Gabriele and Lepperhoff, Julia, Saving the Euro, Securing Childcare: The Fiscal Compact and Its Gendered Impact in Germany (June 25, 2013). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2383184 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2383184

Gabriele Abels (Contact Author)

University of Tuebingen - Department of Political Science ( email )

Melanchthonstrasse 36
Tuebingen, Baden-Wuerttemberg 72074
Germany
4970712978369 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.wiso.uni-tuebingen.de/faecher/ifp/lehrende/abels.html

Julia Lepperhoff

Protestant University of Applied Sciences ( email )

Teltower Damm 118-122
Berlin
Germany

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
61
Abstract Views
437
Rank
651,715
PlumX Metrics