Gender‐Specific Human Capital, Openness and Growth: Exploring the Linkages for South Asia

16 Pages Posted: 23 Jan 2014

See all articles by Arusha V. Cooray

Arusha V. Cooray

Embassy of Sri Lanka, Oslo

Sushanta Mallick

Queen Mary - University of London

Nabamita Dutta

University of Wisconsin - La Crosse

Date Written: February 2014

Abstract

Using data covering 1970–2008 for South Asia, this study investigates the influence of human capital disaggregated by gender, on economic growth. We use an extended version of the Solow growth model with per capita gross domestic product (GDP) a function of the key variables, viz. physical capital accumulation, human capital accumulation, trade openness and capital flows, fiscal policy and financial development. The key contribution of this study is to show that openness when interacted with the human capital stock disaggregated by gender, has differential impacts on economic growth. While the positive impact of male secondary schooling captures the direct skill effect relative to primary schooling, the marginal influence of female primary/secondary schooling fails to show a positive impact on growth at higher levels of openness. An implication stemming from this study is that educational opportunities for females at the secondary level should be increased for South Asia.

Suggested Citation

Cooray, Arusha V. and Mallick, Sushanta K. and Dutta, Nabamita, Gender‐Specific Human Capital, Openness and Growth: Exploring the Linkages for South Asia (February 2014). Review of Development Economics, Vol. 18, Issue 1, pp. 107-122, 2014. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2383622 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/rode.12072

Arusha V. Cooray (Contact Author)

Embassy of Sri Lanka, Oslo ( email )

Norway

Sushanta K. Mallick

Queen Mary - University of London ( email )

School of Business and Management
Mile End Road
London, England E1 4NS
United Kingdom
+44 20 7822 7447 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://webspace.qmul.ac.uk/skmallick/

Nabamita Dutta

University of Wisconsin - La Crosse ( email )

1725 State Street
La Crosse, WI 54601
United States

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