An Unsuccesful Attempt to Modernise Civil Procedure in the Netherlands in the Early Twentieth Century
J. Gudowski & K. Weitz (eds.), Aurea praxis, aurea theoria, Ksiega pamiatkowa ku czci Profesora Tadeusza Erecieskiego, Warsaw: LexisNexis, 2011, p. 1567-1588.
A slightly amended version of this paper has also been published in Rhee, C.H. van, The Influence of the 1895 Austrian ZPO in the Netherlands, in: C.H. Rhee & L. Chen (eds.), Towards a Chinese Civil Code. Comparative and historical perspectives, Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2012, p. 5
15 Pages Posted: 25 Jan 2014
Date Written: January 24, 2014
The Austrian Code of Civil Procedure of 1895 was a source of inspiration for procedural reform proposals in the Netherlands in the early twentieth century. These proposals aimed at replacing the liberal procedural model inherited from the French Code of Civil Procedure with a 'societal' model that reduced the powers of the parties in the conduct of a civil lawsuit, while at the same time increasing the powers of the judge significantly. The project was unsuccessful but contained many interesting elements that were introduced into Dutch civil procedure about one hundred years later at the start of the twenty-first century. The reforms of the early twenty-first century have brought Dutch civil procedure into line with the current procedural trends in many European countries.
Keywords: Civil Procedure, Judicial Case Management, Procedural Reform, Franz Klein, Comparative Civil Procedure
JEL Classification: K41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation