Can Pakistan Have Creative Cities? An Agent Based Modeling Approach with Preliminary Application to Karachi

Malik, Ammar Anees, Andrew T. Crooks, and Hilton L. Root. 2014. “Can Pakistan Have Creative Cities? An Agent Based Modeling Approach with Preliminary Application to Karachi” 13. Pakistan Strategy Support Program (PSSP) Working Papers.

GMU School of Public Policy Research Paper No. 2014-05

32 Pages Posted: 27 Jan 2014 Last revised: 19 Mar 2014

See all articles by Ammar A Malik

Ammar A Malik

The Urban Institute

Andrew Crooks

George Mason University

Hilton L. Root

George Mason University - School of Policy, Government, and International Affairs; George Mason University - Schar School of Policy and Government

Date Written: January 13, 2014

Abstract

Scholars and urban planners have suggested that the key characteristic of leading world cities is that they attract the best and brightest minds. As home to the creative classes, which consist of professionals working in knowledge based industries, they are the bedrocks of prosperity and drivers of innovation. They not only provide unrivaled educational and professional opportunities, but also the best entertainment facilities such as art galleries, theaters and restaurants. Both through hard and soft infrastructure, residents of these cities enjoy seamless connectivity which fosters human creativity. When combined with population density, socio-economic diversity and societal tolerance, the elevated interaction intensity diffuses creativity and boosts economic productivity. However, rapidly urbanizing cities in the developing world are struggling to maintain adequate service delivery standards. The form and function of many cities are increasingly marred by congestion, sprawl and socioeconomic segregation, preventing them from experiencing expected productivity gains associated with urbanization. We operationalize these insights by creating a stylized agent-based model of a theoretical city, inspired by social complexity theory and the new urban literature. A virtual environment is designed where heterogeneous and independent decision-making agents interact under various policy scenarios, such as greater urban transportation investments and altered land-use regulations. By creating typical urban conditions, we conclude that the combination of mixed land-use, improved access to urban mobility and high societal tolerance levels foster creativity led urban economic growth.

Keywords: Pakistan, Land-Use, Transportation, Segregation, Economic Growth, Urban Planning, Urban Development

JEL Classification: O18

Suggested Citation

Malik, Ammar A and Crooks, Andrew and Root, Hilton L., Can Pakistan Have Creative Cities? An Agent Based Modeling Approach with Preliminary Application to Karachi (January 13, 2014). Malik, Ammar Anees, Andrew T. Crooks, and Hilton L. Root. 2014. “Can Pakistan Have Creative Cities? An Agent Based Modeling Approach with Preliminary Application to Karachi” 13. Pakistan Strategy Support Program (PSSP) Working Papers. ; GMU School of Public Policy Research Paper No. 2014-05. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2385556 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2385556

Ammar A Malik (Contact Author)

The Urban Institute ( email )

2100 M Street, NW
Washington, DC 20037
United States

Andrew Crooks

George Mason University ( email )

4400 University Drive
Fairfax, VA 22030
United States

Hilton L. Root

George Mason University - School of Policy, Government, and International Affairs ( email )

Founders Hall
3351 Fairfax Dr.
Arlington, VA 22201
United States

George Mason University - Schar School of Policy and Government ( email )

Founders Hall, Fifth Floor
3351 Fairfax Drive, MS 3B1
Arlington, VA 22201
United States

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