45 Pages Posted: 30 Jan 2014
Date Written: December 1, 2013
This paper develops a new measure of state and local fiscal sustainability called the "trend gap," which is based on socioeconomic and other fundamental factors and removes the short-term influence of the business cycle. The paper estimates the trend gap and finds that the nationwide per capita trend gap has been on a growing path over the past three decades, a different conclusion than found in previous studies. Social insurance and income maintenance programs have played a major role in the growth of the trend gap, while pension and other post-employment benefits (OPEB) plans have become increasingly important in driving it up. In addition, there are large and growing disparities in the trend gap across states.
Keywords: fiscal sustainability, state and local fiscal trends
JEL Classification: H4, H7
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Zhao, Bo and Coyne, David, Walking a Tightrope: Are U.S. State and Local Governments on a Fiscally Sustainable Path? (December 1, 2013). FRB of Boston Working Paper No. 13-18. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2386892 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2386892