Financial and Sovereign Debt Crises: Some Lessons Learned and Those Forgotten

22 Pages Posted: 29 Jan 2014

See all articles by Carmen Reinhart

Carmen Reinhart

Harvard University, Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs (BCSIA) ; Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)

Kenneth Rogoff

Harvard University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: December 2013

Abstract

Even after one of the most severe multi-year crises on record in the advanced economies, the received wisdom in policy circles clings to the notion that high-income countries are completely different from their emerging market counterparts. The current phase of the official policy approach is predicated on the assumption that debt sustainability can be achieved through a mix of austerity, forbearance and growth. The claim is that advanced countries do not need to resort to the standard toolkit of emerging markets, including debt restructurings and conversions, higher inflation, capital controls and other forms of financial repression. As we document, this claim is at odds with the historical track record of most advanced economies, where debt restructuring or conversions, financial Repression, and a tolerance for higher inflation, or a combination of these were an integral part of the resolution of significant past debt overhangs.

Keywords: Financial crisis, Sovereign debt, Debt conversion, Debt restructuring, External debt, Public debt, Inflation, Economic growth, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Financial crises, sovereign debt crises, deleveraging, credit cycles, financial repression, domestic debt, government debt, debt overhang, debt reduction, sovereign default, debt forgiveness, debt overhangs, private debt, currency debt, debt crisis, sovereign defaults, private sector debt, public debt management, net debt, domestic currency, reserve bank, debt burdens, total external debt, debt default, debt relief, debt statistics, debt data, foreign debt, debt defaults, debt obligations, market debt, debt stocks, debt public,

JEL Classification: E60, E44, F3, F34, G10, H60, N10

Suggested Citation

Reinhart, Carmen and Rogoff, Kenneth S., Financial and Sovereign Debt Crises: Some Lessons Learned and Those Forgotten (December 2013). IMF Working Paper No. 13/266. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2387533

Carmen Reinhart

Harvard University, Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs (BCSIA) ( email )

79 JFK Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
617-496-8643 (Phone)

Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) ( email )

79 John F. Kennedy Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Kenneth S. Rogoff

Harvard University - Department of Economics ( email )

Littauer Center
Room 232
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
617-495-4022 (Phone)
617-495-7730 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
249
Abstract Views
1,470
rank
120,173
PlumX Metrics