Incompatible Institutions: Socialism vs. Constitutionalism in India
28 Pages Posted: 31 Jan 2014 Last revised: 4 Jun 2016
Date Written: January 29, 2014
There has been a decline in rule of law in India, reflected in the frequent amendments to the Indian Constitution. This paper analyzes the historical and ideological context for constitutional amendments to understand the reason for the deterioration of constitutionalism in India. I argue that the formal institutions of socialist planning were fundamentally incompatible with the constraints imposed by the Indian Constitution. This incompatibility led to frequent amendments to the Constitution, especially in the area of Fundamental Rights. Pursuit of socialist policies gradually undermined the Constitution. The contradictory mixture of socialism and constitutionalism led to economic and political deprivations that were never intended by the founding fathers.
Keywords: Indian Constitution, Property Rights, Constitutional Amendments, Socialist Planning, Rule of Law
JEL Classification: B25, K100, K11, P37
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