Sur Les Transferts Juridiques: Une Analyse Conceptuelle (On Legal Transfers: A Conceptual Analysis)
In Ratio Legis – Ratio Juris: Liber Amicorum Studia A. Tamás Septuagenario Dedicata, Ed. András Gerencsér & Péter Takács (Budapest: Szent István Társulat 2011), 528–550
Pro Publico Bono / Xenia / Bibliotheca Iuridica: Libri Amicorum 39
25 Pages Posted: 3 Feb 2014
Date Written: January 1, 2011
French Abstract: Jusque dans les dernières décennies, les effets de droit d’un transfert juridique appartenaient au champ d’investigation du Droit comparé. La situation a changé du tout au tout depuis. Une analyse de la terminologie est suivi par les développements de technicité, pour en conclure par les contrastes, critiques, et alternatives dans le transferts de Droit. Finalement, la destinée des réformes modernisantes dépend de la force sélective du système ciblé, de plus l'environnement de ce dernier déterminer le destin final du Droit. C'est le message qui peut aussi aider à exposer les directions, les différentes écoles et les sujets d'actualité pour lesquels les études historico-comparatives et théoriques seront développés dans le futur. Car c'est mieux de trouver ce dont le sol et son écosystème ont besoin, et le jardinier peut aussi passer derrière.
English Abstract: In the age of globalisation, the issue of legal effects ending in the reception of complete texts has become a widespread phenomenon while its scholarly elaboration hardly keeps pace with this. Not only its conceptual framework is missing but its practical experiences still need to be clarified. Therefore common regularities underlying it are still to be described and the lessons are to be drawn from it. Not even its terminology is yet crystallized. Reception, octroi, export, transfer, borrowing, transplant, foreign aid, assistance, Law and Development, Modernisation through Law, droit du développement are equally to conceptualise different characteristics from differing aspects. Therefore their critical overview allows theoretical foundations to be elaborated and the ontology of giving legal patterns to be drawn. The positivistic attitude that identifies law as a rule by in-law positivation, complemented by the law’s interpretative medium and the entire legal culture behind the entire social enterprise "law", taken as one conglomerate in a totality approach, is thereby transcended. This perceives half the past century’s efforts at generating such legal effects as a process with obvious successes but also as accompanied by considerable failures. With regard to the self-assertion of interests in the background, the question itself is gradually elevated to social policy heights, with the aim and nature of globalisation in focus. After all, do we act narcissistically, inflicting our traditions on others, or can we support foreign peoples selflessly, helping them to find their own way to optimum improvements? Is our interest driven by mere selfish hunger for more power, or by helpful intention? Eventually, which pattern do we prefer from among the stunt of transference of will by a circus showman, on the one hand, or a gardener’s humility attending all round at all times, on the other? True, it may require sacrifices to withstand the temptation by the former, yet only a way leading back to the lessons drawn from experience can be successful in the long run. For ultimately the destiny of all modernising reforms is up to the selective force of the targeted system, moreover, the latter’s environment may determine the law’s eventual fate. This is the message that can also help to outline directions, schools of and topical interests in which historico-comparative and theoretical studies are to be developed in the future. For it is better to find out first what the soil and its living milieu need, and the gardener may also come afterwards.
Note: Downloadable document is in French.
Keywords: Alan Watson, Pierre Legrand, Gunther Teubner, hermeneutics, globalism
JEL Classification: K00
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation