Ethnic Diversity and Firms' Export Behavior

Discussion Papers on Business and Economics, University of Southern Denmark, 2/2014

69 Pages Posted: 31 Jan 2014

See all articles by Pierpaolo Parrotta

Pierpaolo Parrotta

Aarhus University - School of Business and Social Sciences

Dario Pozzoli

Aarhus University - School of Business and Social Sciences

Davide Sala

University of Southern Denmark - Department of Business and Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: January 30, 2014

Abstract

Selling internationally requires products that resonate with an international customer base and therefore an approach to markets that is in keeping with diverse cultures (i.e., relational capital). As emphasized by international business studies, this relational capital is in turn related to the successful teaming of a diverse workforce, as this process teaches employees to operate in multicultural environments. This knowledge becomes like an intangible asset to which firms can resort, also when engaging in international transactions. We explore this channel empirically, investigating the impact of workforce diversity on firms' exporting performances and find that ethnic diversity further justifies firms' different presence in international markets. Since hiring is not a random practice, and firms ultimately select into ethnically different labor forces, we exploit the EU enlargement of 2004 to instrument for the diversity of the pool of workers locally recruitable. Because migrants tend to settle where the attitude toward them is most favorable, we use the median voter's political ideology at firm's location to measure the hostility at time of settlement. This gives our instrument spatial variation besides time variation.

Keywords: ethnic diversity, export, EU enlargement median-voter ideology

JEL Classification: J15, F14, F15, F16, D22

Suggested Citation

Parrotta, Pierpaolo and Pozzoli, Dario and Sala, Davide, Ethnic Diversity and Firms' Export Behavior (January 30, 2014). Discussion Papers on Business and Economics, University of Southern Denmark, 2/2014, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2388084 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2388084

Pierpaolo Parrotta

Aarhus University - School of Business and Social Sciences ( email )

Nordre Ringgade 1
Aarhus C, DK-8000
Denmark

Dario Pozzoli (Contact Author)

Aarhus University - School of Business and Social Sciences ( email )

Nordre Ringgade 1
Aarhus C, DK-8000
Denmark

Davide Sala

University of Southern Denmark - Department of Business and Economics ( email )

DK-5230 Odense
Denmark

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