Feeling the Future Again: Retroactive Avoidance of Negative Stimuli

28 Pages Posted: 5 Feb 2014

See all articles by Markus Maier

Markus Maier

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU) - Department of Psychology

Vanessa Buechner

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU)

Christof Kuhbandner

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU)

Markus Pflitsch

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU)

Maria Fernandez-Capo

Universitat Internacional de Catalunya

Maria Gamiz-Sanfeliu

Universitat Internacional de Catalunya

Date Written: January 30, 2014

Abstract

During the past decades, several theories have been proposed that relate quantum mechanics to information processing in the human mind. These theories predict that the arrow of time has no direction during unconscious processing states. Across 7 experiments, we tested whether masked negative stimuli presented in the future lead to an unconscious avoidance reaction in the presence. Response registration took place about 500 milliseconds before stimulus onset. In the majority of the studies, the predicted retroactive influence was found. On average, participants were able to unconsciously avoid negative future outcomes (mean ES = 0.07; Combined Bayes factor = 293). These results are in line with similar precognitive avoidance effects recently reported by Daryl Bem in 2011 (Experiment 2). The reported findings are discussed with regard to the proposed quantum model of the mind. We also highlight the limitations of our research.

Keywords: retrocausation, precognition, quantum mind, consciousness, Orch OR model

Suggested Citation

Maier, Markus and Buechner, Vanessa and Kuhbandner, Christof and Pflitsch, Markus and Fernandez-Capo, Maria and Gamiz-Sanfeliu, Maria, Feeling the Future Again: Retroactive Avoidance of Negative Stimuli (January 30, 2014). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2388097

Markus Maier (Contact Author)

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU) - Department of Psychology ( email )

Munich,
Germany

Vanessa Buechner

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU) ( email )

Geschwister-Scholl-Platz 1
Munich, Bavaria 80539
Germany

Christof Kuhbandner

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU) ( email )

Geschwister-Scholl-Platz 1
Munich, Bavaria 80539
Germany

Markus Pflitsch

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU) ( email )

Geschwister-Scholl-Platz 1
Munich, Bavaria 80539
Germany

Maria Fernandez-Capo

Universitat Internacional de Catalunya ( email )

Immaculada 22
Barcelona, 08017
Spain

Maria Gamiz-Sanfeliu

Universitat Internacional de Catalunya ( email )

Immaculada 22
Barcelona, 08017
Spain

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