Reporting and Scrutiny of Reported Cases in Four Jurisdictions Where Assisted Dying Is Lawful: A Review of the Evidence in the Netherlands, Belgium, Oregon and Switzerland
MEDICAL LAW INTERNATIONAL PUBLISHED ONLINE 3 DECEMBER 2013 DOI: 10.1177/0968533213508973
Posted: 3 Feb 2014
Date Written: July 8, 2013
This article examines the reporting requirements in four jurisdictions in which assisted dying (euthanasia and/or assisted suicide) is legally regulated: the Netherlands, Belgium, Oregon and Switzerland. These jurisdictions were chosen because for each there is a substantial amount of empirical evidence available. We assess the available empirical evidence on reporting and what it tells us about the effectiveness of such requirements in encouraging reporting. We also look at the nature of requirements on regulatory bodies to refer cases not meeting the legal criteria to either prosecutorial or disciplinary authorities. We assess the evidence available on the outcomes of reported cases, including the rate of referral and the ultimate disposition of referred cases.
Keywords: Reporting, euthanasia, assisted suicide, assisted dying, Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, Oregon, end of life, dying, physician-assisted suicide
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