The Impact of Carbon Trading on Industry: Evidence from German Manufacturing Firms
51 Pages Posted: 3 Feb 2014 Last revised: 23 Sep 2021
Date Written: March 28, 2014
We estimate the causal impact of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme on manufacturing firms using comprehensive panel data from the German production census. Semiparametric matching estimators yield robust evidence that the policy caused treated firms to abate one fifth of their CO2 emissions between 2007 and 2010, relative to non-treated firms. This reduction was achieved predominantly by improving energy efficiency and by curbing the consumption of natural gas and petroleum products, but not electricity use. We find no evidence that emissions trading lowered employment, gross output or exports of treated firms.
Keywords: EU ETS, emissions trading, climate policy, policy evaluation, microdata
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