Commodity Prices and Bric and G3 Liquidity: A SFAVEC Approach
40 Pages Posted: 7 Feb 2014 Last revised: 29 Dec 2014
Date Written: February 1, 2014
This paper investigates the influence of liquidity in the major developed and major developing economies on commodity prices. Liquidity is taken to be M2. A novel finding is that unanticipated increases in the BRIC countries’ liquidity is associated with significant and persistent increases in commodity prices that are much larger than the effect of unanticipated increases in G3 liquidity, and the difference increases over time. Over 1999-2012 BRIC liquidity is strongly linked with global energy prices and global real activity whereas G3 liquidity is not. The impact of BRIC liquidity on mineral and metal prices is twice as large as that of G3 liquidity. Granger casualty goes from liquidity to commodity prices. BRIC and G3 liquidity and commodity prices are cointegrated. BRIC and G3 liquidity and global output and global prices are cointegrated. We construct a structural factor-augmented error correction (SFAVEC) model.
Keywords: Commodity Prices, BRIC countries, G3, Global liquidity, SFAVEC
JEL Classification: E31, E32, E51, F01, G15, Q43
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation