Criminal Stereotypes in the Courtroom: Facial Tattoos Affect Guilt and Punishment Differently
Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, Vol. 19, No. 4, 2013
Posted: 7 Feb 2014
Date Written: September 19, 2013
Three studies using between-subjects designs examined the effect of facial tattoos on two stages of a courtroom trial. The presence of a facial tattoo affected judgments of guilt, but it did not lead to higher punishment ratings. This was the case for different types of crime varying in offense seriousness and for faces varying in perceived trustworthiness. The effect on guilt was fully mediated by the perceived criminal appearance of the tattooed defendant. These findings are the first that systematically address the question whether facial tattoos can bias legal outcomes. They further suggest that the psychological mechanisms by which an activated criminal stereotype influences legal judgments can differ for two stages of a trial. Policy implications are discussed.
Keywords: stereotypes, punishment, tattoos, trustworthiness, guilt
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation