Technical Change, Non-Tariff Trade Barriers and the Development of the Italian Locomotives Industry, 1850-1913

38 Pages Posted: 11 Feb 2014 Last revised: 17 Feb 2015

See all articles by Carlo Ciccarelli

Carlo Ciccarelli

University of Rome, Tor Vergata - Faculty of Economics

Alessandro Nuvolari

Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna di Pisa - Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM)

Date Written: January 1, 2014

Abstract

In this paper we examine the dynamics of technical change in the Italian locomotive industry in the period 1850-1913. From an historical point of view, the case of the Italian locomotive industry presents a major point of interest: it was one of the few relatively sophisticated “high-tech” industries in which Italy, a latecomer country, was able to firmly set foot before 1913. Using technical data on the performance of different vintages of locomotives, we construct a new aggregate index of technical change for the industry. Overall the most successful phase for the Italian locomotive industry seems to be period 1895-1913 characterized by a very rapid technical progress and by the effective consolidation of the technological capabilities in this area of two major firms: Breda and Ansaldo. Our re-assessment reveals the critical role of non-tariff trade barriers in the development of this industry.

Keywords: technical change, non-tariff barriers, locomotives industry, 19th century Italy

JEL Classification: N73, O33, F13

Suggested Citation

Ciccarelli, Carlo and Nuvolari, Alessandro, Technical Change, Non-Tariff Trade Barriers and the Development of the Italian Locomotives Industry, 1850-1913 (January 1, 2014). CEIS Working Paper No. 305. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2392434 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2392434

Carlo Ciccarelli (Contact Author)

University of Rome, Tor Vergata - Faculty of Economics ( email )

Via Columbia n.2
Rome, rome 00100
Italy

Alessandro Nuvolari

Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna di Pisa - Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM) ( email )

Piazza Martiri della Liberta', 33-I-56127
Pisa
Italy

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