The Law and Economics of Agreements to Arbitrate Employment Claims
40 Pages Posted: 30 Aug 2000
Date Written: June 2000
This paper presents an economic analysis of arbitration agreements in the employment context. The goal of this analysis is first to set out, clarify, and illuminate the economics of waiver and arbitration agreements in the employment context. The fundamental economic benefits from employment arbitration can be placed in either of two categories: deterrence benefits and dispute-resolution cost savings. Arbitration enhances the deterrence benefit to the extent that it encourages greater compliance with legal and contractual employment norms. Arbitration obviously has the potential to reduce dispute resolution costs by adopting less formal mechanisms. The second goal of this analysis is to answer the normative question, should predispute arbitration agreements be enforced? I conclude they should be enforced, provided the employee has knowingly and voluntarily waived his rights.
JEL Classification: K31, K41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation