In Search of Interactive Teaching Strategy that Could Yield High Achievement in Biology: An Examination of Computer-Based Instruction in Some Secondary Schools in Nigeria
Rjopes: Research Journal in Organizational Psychology & Educational Studies, 3(1), 1-6, 2014
6 Pages Posted: 12 Feb 2014
Date Written: January 30, 2014
The study determined the effect of Computer-Based Instruction (CBI) on students’ achievement in biology in secondary schools in Olamaboro Local Government Area (LGA) of Kogi State. It derives its significance from the dual role of being highly interactive thereby making learners active and a step towards making Nigeria brace up with other nations in ICT usage. Pre-test, post-test quasi-experimental design was adopted. The sample comprised 224 students (127 males and 97 females). Simple random sampling was used to assign intact classes to experimental and control groups, while purposive sampling was used to select secondary schools that have computers in Olamaboro LGA of Kogi State. Biology Achievement Test (BAT) with reliability Coefficient of 0.71 was used to collect data. The research questions were answered by the use of mean while the five hypotheses were tested at 0.05 significant level using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). The result showed that significant difference exists (F1, 223 = 152.28, P = 0.0001<0.05) for achievement of students taught using CBI and those taught using conventional method. Also, there was a significant difference in the mean achievement scores between male and female students taught using CBI (F1, 124 =1.126; P=0.264>0.05 for achievement). Based on the findings, it was recommended that relevant computer based instruction packages should be developed and distributed to secondary schools as well as encouraging secondary school teachers to adopt CBI strategy in teaching of biology. Its adoption therefore is expected to enhance achievement in biology at secondary level which hitherto has remained poor.
Keywords: Computer Based Instruction (CBI), biology, achievement, teaching biology, secondary school
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