Development, Culture, and Attitudes to America: Country-Level Predictors of Anti-Americanism

30 Pages Posted: 11 Feb 2014

See all articles by Kirill Zhirkov

Kirill Zhirkov

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Date Written: February 11, 2014

Abstract

The present study examines survey data from 45 countries by the means of factor and regression analyses in order to understand the nature and causes of anti-Americanism. Empirical results reveal a clear distinction between cultural and political anti-Americanism. The former involves negative attitudes towards American culture and its global spread, whereas the latter is specifically focused on disapproval of the U.S. foreign policies. The two forms of anti-Americanism also differ in their relationship to socioeconomic development. Cultural anti-Americanism is most widespread in countries with average levels of Human Development Index, whereas political anti-Americanism is stronger in the most developed societies. This study finds that Muslim societies are characterized by higher levels of both cultural and political anti-Americanism. On the whole, these findings indicate that anti-Americanism follows consistent country-level patterns and likely has universal roots which should be studied within a comparative framework.

Keywords: anti-Americanism, socioeconomic development, culture, world politics

JEL Classification: Z00

Suggested Citation

Zhirkov, Kirill, Development, Culture, and Attitudes to America: Country-Level Predictors of Anti-Americanism (February 11, 2014). Higher School of Economics Research Paper No. WP BRP 35/SOC/2014. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2393953 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2393953

Kirill Zhirkov (Contact Author)

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

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