Gender and Preferences at a Young Age: Evidence from Armenia

27 Pages Posted: 18 Feb 2014 Last revised: 23 Feb 2015

See all articles by Karen Khachatryan

Karen Khachatryan

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Department of Finance

Anna Dreber

Stockholm School of Economics - Department of Economics

Emma von Essen

University of Aarhus - Department of Economics and Business; Stockholm University - Department of Economics

Eva Ranehill

Stockholm School of Economics

Date Written: November 5, 2014

Abstract

We look at gender differences in competitiveness, risk preferences and altruism in a large sample of children and adolescents aged 7 to 16 in Armenia. Post-Soviet Armenia has few formal barriers to gender equality but is also characterized by a patrilineal kinship system and traditional gender roles. In contrast to research conducted in Western countries, we find that girls increase their performance more than boys in response to competition in a running task. We find no gender differences in the other three tasks we explore: skipping rope, a mathematical task, and a verbal task. We also find no difference in the willingness to compete in either the mathematical or the verbal task. In line with previous research, we find that boys are less altruistic and more risk taking than girls, and that the latter gap appears around the age of puberty.

Keywords: competitiveness, risk preferences, altruism, children, gender differences, experiment

JEL Classification: C91, D03, J16

Suggested Citation

Khachatryan, Karen and Dreber, Anna and von Essen, Emma and Ranehill, Eva, Gender and Preferences at a Young Age: Evidence from Armenia (November 5, 2014). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2397117 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2397117

Karen Khachatryan (Contact Author)

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Department of Finance ( email )

United Kingdom

Anna Dreber

Stockholm School of Economics - Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 6501
Sveavagen 65
S-113 83 Stockholm
Sweden

Emma Von Essen

University of Aarhus - Department of Economics and Business ( email )

Nordre Ringgade 1
DK-8000 Aarhus C, 8000
Denmark

Stockholm University - Department of Economics ( email )

Universitetsvägen 10 A
House A, floor 4 and 7
Frescati, Stockholm
Sweden

Eva Ranehill

Stockholm School of Economics ( email )

PO Box 6501
Stockholm, 11383
Sweden

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