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Determinants of Urban Sprawl in European Cities

30 Pages Posted: 18 Feb 2014  

Walid Oueslati

Agrocampus Ouest; Newcastle University (UK); OECD

Seraphim Alvanides

Northumbria University at Newcastle, UK

Guy Garrod

CREAM, Centre for Research on Environmental Appraisal & Management, UK; Newcastle University (UK) - School of Agriculture, Food and Rural Development (SAFRD)

Date Written: July 15, 2013

Abstract

This paper provides empirical evidence that helps to answer several key questions relating to the extent and causes of urban sprawl in Europe. Building on the monocentric city model, this study uses existing data sources to derive a set of panel data for 282 European cities at three time points (1990, 2000 and 2006). Two indices of urban sprawl are calculated and respectively reflect changes in artificial area and the levels of urban fragementation for each city. These are supplemented by a set of data on various economic and geographical variables that might explain the variation of these indices. Estimating using a Hausman Taylor and random regressors to control the possible correlation between explanatory variables and unobservable city-level effects, we find that the fundamental conclusions of the standard monocentric model are valid in the European context for both indices. Although the variables generated by the monocentric model explain a large part of variation of artificial area, their explanatory power for the fragmentation is relatively low.

Keywords: urban sprawl, European cities, spatial scale, monocentric city model, urban scattering

JEL Classification: H4, Q15, R1, R2, R5

Suggested Citation

Oueslati, Walid and Alvanides, Seraphim and Garrod, Guy, Determinants of Urban Sprawl in European Cities (July 15, 2013). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2397141 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2397141

Walid Oueslati (Contact Author)

Agrocampus Ouest ( email )

Department of economics
2 rue le Notre
Angers, 49000
France

HOME PAGE: http://www.agrocampus-ouest.fr

Newcastle University (UK) ( email )

5 Barrack Road
NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE, NE1 7RU
United Kingdom

OECD ( email )

2 rue Andre Pascal
Paris Cedex 16, 75775
France

Seraphim Alvanides

Northumbria University at Newcastle, UK ( email )

Pandon Building
208, City Campus East-1
Newcastle-Upon-Tyne, Newcastle NE1 8ST
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.northumbria.ac.uk/about-us/our-staff/a/seraphim-alvanides/

Guy Garrod

Newcastle University (UK) - School of Agriculture, Food and Rural Development (SAFRD) ( email )

Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear NE1 7RU
United Kingdom
0191 222 7552 (Phone)

CREAM, Centre for Research on Environmental Appraisal & Management, UK ( email )

University of Newcastle
NE1 7RU Newcastle Upon Tyne
United Kingdom

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