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Observing Elite Firefighting Teams: The Triad Effect

11 Pages Posted: 18 Feb 2014  

Renaud Vidal

ATRISc

Karlene Roberts

University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business

Date Written: March 2014

Abstract

In the US, Incident Management Teams (IMTs) like to define their role as ‘bringing order to chaos’. Conversely, French firefighters tend to describe their jobs as ‘organizing chaos’. For US IMTs, internal order is the means to overcome external chaos, while French IMTs consider some (minimal) disorganization as opportunities for enhanced adaptability. What accounts for this difference in the way the Incident Command System (ICS) is enacted? Most importantly, how does it relate to success? Through a set of experiments on a virtual reality‐based simulation platform, we found that optimal performance was associated with the presence of certain types of triads the interaction network. Future research avenues are suggested and implications for ICS are discussed.

Suggested Citation

Vidal, Renaud and Roberts, Karlene, Observing Elite Firefighting Teams: The Triad Effect (March 2014). Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, Vol. 22, Issue 1, pp. 18-28, 2014. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2397507 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-5973.12040

Renaud Vidal (Contact Author)

ATRISc ( email )

3 quai Kléber – Tour Sébastopol
Strasbourg,, 67000
France

Karlene Roberts

University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business ( email )

545 Student Services Building, #1900
2220 Piedmont Avenue
Berkeley, CA 94720
United States

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