Transforming the European Energy System: Member States’ Prospects within the EU Framework
Posted: 20 Feb 2014 Last revised: 12 Mar 2015
Date Written: February 19, 2014
The Energy Modeling Forum 28 (EMF28) performed a large-scale model comparison exercise to illustrate different technology pathways for cutting European greenhouse gas emissions by 80% by 2050. Focusing on selected countries (France, Germany, Italy, Sweden and UK), this paper first analyses climate and energy policy objectives and debates in the respective countries. It then compares EMF28 model results to the short-term projections of the National Renewable Energy Action Plans (NREAPs) and the long-term transformation pathway given in the European Commission’s “Energy Roadmap 2050”. It concludes that there is sufficient agreement with the NREAPs and national policies to accept the model results as conceivable scenarios. The scenarios suggest that in the future a variety of different national energy mixes will continue to reflect the different resource bases and preferences of individual Member States. In order to ensure a cost-efficient transformation, it is important to improve coordination between Member State policies and those at EU level.
Note: This is a pre-print version of the article by Brigitte Knopf et al, Clim. Change Econ. 04, 1340005 (2013).
Keywords: European climate and energy policy, National Renewable Action Plans (NREAPs), Environmental federalism, Mitigation scenarios
JEL Classification: Q2, Q4
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation