महिला सशक्तिकरण एवं महिला अधिकार सरक्षंण: एक विश्लेसनात्मक अध्ययन (Women Empowerment and Protection of Women Rights: An Analytical Study)

Bharitya Raajnitik Vighyan Shodh Patrika, ed. by Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Sharma, year- third, first & second issue, Jan.-Dec., 2011.

20 Pages Posted: 24 Mar 2014 Last revised: 28 Mar 2014

See all articles by Vipin Singhal

Vipin Singhal

Indian Council for Social Science Research (ICSSR)

Date Written: February 23, 2014

Abstract

Hindi Abstract: महिला सृस्टी निर्माता कि अद्रितय कृति है, महिलाओ के अधिकार हेतु सरकार द्वारा विभिन्न प्रयास किये जा रहे है, एवं महिलाएं भी अधिकारों के प्रति जागरूक हो रही है. परन्तु इस सबके वाबजूद स्थिति विपरीत बनी हुई है, महिलाओ के प्रति अपराधों में लगातार इजाफा हुआ है. अत आवश्यकता इस बात की है कि महिलाओ को अधिकारों की जानकारी होनी चाहए. प्राथमिक स्तर पर उन्हें शिक्षित किया जाना जरुरी है, दूसरे, आर्थिक स्वतंत्रता; तीसरे क़ानून एवं धर्म के अधीन महिलाओं के अधिकारों की जानकारी दी जानी चाहए. चोथे उन्हें सरकार के हर स्तर पर उपयुक्त स्थान/भागीदारी मिलनी चाहए.

English Abstract: Women empowerment is the ability of women to exercise full control over one’s actions. In recent years many steps have been taken so as to increase the participation of women in the political system. Constitution guarantees equality to women along with men, but due to various reasons they are not able to take place in politics. Empowerment as a methodology is often associated with feminism – consciousness rising. Women empowerment as a concept was first introduced at the International Women’s Conference at Nairobi in 1985. In India only 8 per cent of Parliamentarians are women. West Bengal has the highest percentage of women MLAs in the country nearly 13 per cent in a 294 member assembly. One of the most puzzling features of this depressed level of women’s political representation is that it seems to have no direct correlation with literacy and other apparently related indicators. From this perspective, the important question is what the benefits of democracy are for women. Electoral participation and quotas through affirmative action alone are not enough to result in gender equity.

Note: Downloadable document is in Hindi.

Keywords: Empowerment of Women, Women's Rights, Political Participation of Women

Suggested Citation

Singhal, Vipin, महिला सशक्तिकरण एवं महिला अधिकार सरक्षंण: एक विश्लेसनात्मक अध्ययन (Women Empowerment and Protection of Women Rights: An Analytical Study) (February 23, 2014). Bharitya Raajnitik Vighyan Shodh Patrika, ed. by Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Sharma, year- third, first & second issue, Jan.-Dec., 2011., Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2400091 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2400091

Vipin Singhal (Contact Author)

Indian Council for Social Science Research (ICSSR) ( email )

New Delhi
India

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