KVA: Capital Valuation Adjustment
Risk, December 2014
25 Pages Posted: 24 Feb 2014 Last revised: 6 Nov 2014
Date Written: October 23, 2014
Credit (CVA), Debit (DVA) and Funding Valuation Adjustments (FVA) are now familiar valuation adjustments made to the value of a portfolio of derivatives to account for credit risks and funding costs. However, recent changes in the regulatory regime and the increases in regulatory capital requirements has led many banks to include the cost of capital in derivative pricing. This paper formalises the addition of cost of capital by extending the Burgard-Kjaer (2013) semi-replication approach to CVA and FVA to include an addition capital term, Capital Valuation Adjustment (KVA). The utilization of the capital for funding purposes is also considered. The use of the semi-replication approach means that the exibility around the treatment of self-default is carried over into this analysis. The paper further considers the practical calculation of KVA with reference to the Basel II (BCBS-128 2006) and Basel III (BCBS-189 2011) capital regimes and their implementation via CRD IV (EU 2013b; EU 2013a). The paper also assesses how KVA may be hedged, given that any hedging transactions themselves lead to regulatory capital requirements and hence capital costs. Finally a number of numerical examples are presented to gauge the cost impact of KVA on vanilla derivative products.
Keywords: Capital, Pricing, Regulation, Basel II, Basel III, Derivative Valuation, xVA, CVA, DVA, FVA, FCA, KVA
JEL Classification: E22, G11, G12, G13, G18, G21, G28, G31, G38, H77, K23, L51, M20, M41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation