Increasing the Capacity of Signalized Intersections by Allocating Exit Lanes to Turning Movements

28 Pages Posted: 25 Feb 2014 Last revised: 29 Apr 2017

See all articles by Siyang Xie

Siyang Xie

Tsinghua University - Department of Civil Engineering

Hai Jiang

Tsinghua University - Department of Industrial Engineering

Date Written: December 5, 2014

Abstract

Unconventional intersection designs have been used to increase the capacity of intersections that are over-saturated under conventional ones. However, existing unconventional designs typically require extra land space and their effectiveness often depends on drivers' familiarity with the uncommon operating rules. To overcome these challenges, we propose a new unconventional design, where movements that are mutually incompatible under the conventional design can be made compatible of each other by allocating exit lanes to them appropriately, thereby creating opportunities for capacity improvement. We develop a lane-based capacity optimization model that incorporates the allocation of exit lanes as decision variables. The model is formulated as a Binary Mixed Integer Linear Programming problem, which can be efficiently solved by standard branch-and-bound algorithms. Numerical experiments show that significant capacity improvement can be obtained under our design. Besides proposing a new unconventional design, we also contribute to the literature of lane-based signal optimization methods by providing a novel linear formulation for the latest, yet nonlinear, model described in Wong and Heydecker (2011). This improvement is methodologically beneficial as linear models are computationally much more convenient than nonlinear models.

Keywords: unconventional intersection design, capacity optimization, lane-based method, exit lane allocation

JEL Classification: L92, R41

Suggested Citation

Xie, Siyang and Jiang, Hai, Increasing the Capacity of Signalized Intersections by Allocating Exit Lanes to Turning Movements (December 5, 2014). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2400539 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2400539

Siyang Xie

Tsinghua University - Department of Civil Engineering ( email )

Haidian District
Beijing, 100084
China

Hai Jiang (Contact Author)

Tsinghua University - Department of Industrial Engineering ( email )

Beijing, 100084
China

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