The Limits of the EU as a Peace and Security Actor in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Africa Spectrum, Vol 46, No. 3, pp. 45-70

27 Pages Posted: 25 Feb 2014

See all articles by Meike Froitzheim

Meike Froitzheim

University of Gothenburg - School of Global Studies

Fredrik Söderbaum

University of Gothenburg, School of Global Studies; United Nations University, Institute on Comparative Regional Integration Studies (UNU-CRIS)

Ian Taylor

University of St. Andrews

Date Written: 2011

Abstract

The European Union (EU) is increasingly aspiring to be a global peace and security actor. Using the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) as a test case to analyze such ambitions, this article reveals that the EU’s attempts to build peace and security are severely compromised by its bureaucratic and organizational complexity as well as by its ineffective policies. In fact, the EU’s state-centred approach in the DRC has resulted in the EU’s inability to deal with 1) the realities of governance in the DRC and 2) the strong transborder dimensions of the conflict. As a result, the EU continues to lack a coherent strategy for the DRC, despite a large budget. The analysis concludes that the EU is more concerned with establishing a symbolic presence and a form of representation than with achieving specific goals.

Keywords: European Union, security, peacekeeping, conflict resolution, conflict management, Great Lakes, DRC, Africa

Suggested Citation

Froitzheim, Meike and Söderbaum, Fredrik and Taylor, Ian, The Limits of the EU as a Peace and Security Actor in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (2011). Africa Spectrum, Vol 46, No. 3, pp. 45-70, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2400886

Meike Froitzheim

University of Gothenburg - School of Global Studies ( email )

POB 700
Gothenburg, SE 40530
Sweden

Fredrik Söderbaum (Contact Author)

University of Gothenburg, School of Global Studies ( email )

POB 700
Gothenburg, SE 40530
Sweden
+46-317864340 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.globalstudies.gu.se/english/about-us/staff?languageId=100001&userId=xsodfr

United Nations University, Institute on Comparative Regional Integration Studies (UNU-CRIS) ( email )

Bruges
Belgium

HOME PAGE: http://www.cris.unu.edu/Dr-Fredrik-Soederbaum.54.0.html

Ian Taylor

University of St. Andrews ( email )

North St
Saint Andrews, Fife KY16 9AJ
United Kingdom

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