Intangible Capital, Knowledge and New Product Development Competence in Supply Chains: Process, Interaction and Contingency Effects Among SMEs

International Journal of Production Research, Forthcoming

33 Pages Posted: 26 Feb 2014

See all articles by Tobias Schoenherr

Tobias Schoenherr

Michigan State University

David A. Griffith

Michigan State University

Aruna Chandra

Indiana State University - Scott College of Business

Date Written: February 5, 2014

Abstract

Leveraging the strengths of a firm’s supply chain partners for new product development (NPD) has become essential to satisfy rapidly changing customer demands and to remain competitive. Firms are therefore aiming to further their NPD competence, which we define as the ability of the supply chain to improve and generate new products and services, based on the processes and relationships established with suppliers and customers. This study examines how intangible capital and knowledge further the development of NPD competence within the context of a supply chain. A theoretical model, based upon resource-advantage (R-A) theory, is tested via structural equation modeling utilizing survey data collected from 195 small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the manufacturing industry reporting on their primary supply chain. Our findings indicate that more easily transferable capital manifests itself in explicit knowledge and less easily transferable capital manifests itself in tacit knowledge. We further identify complementarities of the two types of intangible capital as influencing knowledge type development. More importantly, we find that the two types of knowledge differ in their ability to influence NPD competence in the supply chain, and that these links are moderated by relationship length. Supply chain management implications for academics and practitioners are presented.

Keywords: new product development competence, supply chain management, intangible capital, explicit and tacit knowledge, resource-advantage (R-A) theory, small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)

Suggested Citation

Schoenherr, Tobias and Griffith, David A. and Chandra, Aruna, Intangible Capital, Knowledge and New Product Development Competence in Supply Chains: Process, Interaction and Contingency Effects Among SMEs (February 5, 2014). International Journal of Production Research, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2401042

Tobias Schoenherr (Contact Author)

Michigan State University ( email )

East Lansing, MI 48824-1121
United States

David A. Griffith

Michigan State University ( email )

Agriculture Hall
East Lansing, MI 48824-1122
United States

Aruna Chandra

Indiana State University - Scott College of Business ( email )

800 Sycamore Street
Terre Haute, IN 47809
United States

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