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Taking Seriously Title VII's 'Floor, Not a Ceiling' Invitation

Taking Seriously Title Vii's "Floor, Not a Ceiling" Invitation, in A Nation of Widening Opportunities? The Civil Rights Act at Fifty (Samuel Bagenstos and Ellen Katz, eds., University of Michigan Press 2014), Forthcoming

33 Pages Posted: 27 Feb 2014  

Craig Gurian

Anti-Discrimination Center; Remapping Debate; Fordham Law School

Date Written: February 25, 2014

Abstract

Civil rights advocates have been insufficiently attentive to the promise of creative state and local legislating as the means by which to counteract the erosion of federal civil rights protections. The promise has not only a defensive component (trying to hold on to doctrine that the Supreme Court has been abandoning) but an offensive one as well (introducing more robust substantive and procedural provisions than Title VII has ever had). This paper examines a so-far successful attempt in New York City to implement a vision that proposed to "meld the broadest vision of social justice with the strongest law enforcement deterrent" (one that, for example, has removed the "severe or pervasive" hurdle to the prosecution of sexual harassment lawsuits). The paper, while recognizing that state and local action is no cure-all, goes on to identify several doctrinal areas that are particularly ripe for state and local legislative innovation.

Keywords: civil rights, discrimination, employment, state remedies, Title VII

JEL Classification: J70, J71, J78

Suggested Citation

Gurian, Craig, Taking Seriously Title VII's 'Floor, Not a Ceiling' Invitation (February 25, 2014). Taking Seriously Title Vii's "Floor, Not a Ceiling" Invitation, in A Nation of Widening Opportunities? The Civil Rights Act at Fifty (Samuel Bagenstos and Ellen Katz, eds., University of Michigan Press 2014), Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2401056

Craig Gurian (Contact Author)

Anti-Discrimination Center ( email )

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HOME PAGE: http://www.antibiaslaw.com

Remapping Debate ( email )

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HOME PAGE: http://www.remappingdebate.org

Fordham Law School ( email )

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