Taking Seriously Title VII's 'Floor, Not a Ceiling' Invitation
Taking Seriously Title Vii's "Floor, Not a Ceiling" Invitation, in A Nation of Widening Opportunities? The Civil Rights Act at Fifty (Samuel Bagenstos and Ellen Katz, eds., University of Michigan Press 2014), Forthcoming
33 Pages Posted: 27 Feb 2014
Date Written: February 25, 2014
Civil rights advocates have been insufficiently attentive to the promise of creative state and local legislating as the means by which to counteract the erosion of federal civil rights protections. The promise has not only a defensive component (trying to hold on to doctrine that the Supreme Court has been abandoning) but an offensive one as well (introducing more robust substantive and procedural provisions than Title VII has ever had). This paper examines a so-far successful attempt in New York City to implement a vision that proposed to "meld the broadest vision of social justice with the strongest law enforcement deterrent" (one that, for example, has removed the "severe or pervasive" hurdle to the prosecution of sexual harassment lawsuits). The paper, while recognizing that state and local action is no cure-all, goes on to identify several doctrinal areas that are particularly ripe for state and local legislative innovation.
Keywords: civil rights, discrimination, employment, state remedies, Title VII
JEL Classification: J70, J71, J78
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation